Serological testing for Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the diagnostic methods of choice. Various commercial kits that use different antigens have been developed, but data on their diagnostic accuracy and direct comparisons between the tests are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of three immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits: Pylori stat, Helico-G, and Premier H. pylori. Serum samples and gastric biopsy findings from 76 patients were evaluated. We found by using a priori cutoff values that the Pylori stat, Helico-G, and Premier kits had overall sensitivities of 96, 96, and 88%, respectively, and specificities of 94, 86, and 96%, respectively, compared with gastric biopsy findings. For 232 serum samples, the Pylori stat test and a previously validated standard serological assay on which the test was based disagreed in 3% of the cases, while for 76 samples that were tested, Helico-G and a previously validated standard assay on which it was based disagreed in 8% of the cases. The intra- and interassay precision of each of the test kits was high. We conclude that serology based on any of these commercial tests represents a reliable and valid method for the diagnosis of H. pylori whether or not highly purified antigens are used.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)