Comparison of a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for BCR-ABL to fluorescence in situ hybridization, Southern blotting, and conventional cytogenetics in the monitoring of patients with Ph1-positive leukemias

Gisele W.B. Colleoni, Suresh C. Jhanwar, Marc Ladanyi, Beiyun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for both major forms of BCR-ABL was compared with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), karyotyping, and Southern blotting for disease monitoring in 37 follow-up bone marrow samples from 32 patients with Ph1-positive leukemia. Of these 37 samples, 33 were from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) (26 post allogeneic bone marrow transplantation [AlloBMT] and seven during interferon-α therapy) and 4 from Ph1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients (1 post AlloBMT and 3 post high dose chemotherapy). For the 27 samples studied after AlloBMT (26 CML and 1 Ph1-positive ALL) the time after transplantation ranged from 1 to 107 months (median 47.5 months). In 8 (22%) of the 37 samples there were discrepant results among methods. The discrepancy rates relative to other techniques were: karyotyping 17% (5 of 29), Southern blotting 18% (6 of 33), multiplex RT-PCR 8% (3 of 37), and FISH 8% (3 of 37). Therefore, the relative accuracy of each method for disease monitoring in Ph1-positive leukemia was: 83% (24 of 29) for karyotyping, 82% (27 of 33) for Southern blotting, 92% (34 of 37) for FISH, and 92% (34 of 37) for multiplex RT-PCR. This multiplex RT-PCR assay appears equivalent to FISH in terms of accuracy, simplicity, and turnaround time and both are superior to Southern blot and conventional cytogenetics in the laboratory monitoring of Ph1-positive leukemias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalDiagnostic Molecular Pathology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2000

Keywords

  • BCR-ABL rearrangement
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • Philadelphia chromosome
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Reverse transcriptase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for BCR-ABL to fluorescence in situ hybridization, Southern blotting, and conventional cytogenetics in the monitoring of patients with Ph1-positive leukemias'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this