Comparative biochemical, morphological, and immunocytochemical studies between C‐6 glial cells of early and late passages and advanced passages of glial cells derived from aged mouse cerebral hemispheres

Kendall Lee, Susan Kentroti, Holly Billie, Clifford Bruce, Antonia Vernadakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used C6 glial cells (2B clone), early and late passage, as well as advanced passages (8–17) of glial cells derived from aged (18‐month‐old) mouse cerebral hemispheres (MACH), as model systems for studying glial properties. In this study passages 20–24 were considered “early” and passages 73–90 were considered “late.” Activities of glutamine synthetase (GS) and cyclic nucleotide phosphohydrolase (CNP) were used as biochemical markers for astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, respectively. Glial phenotypes were identified immunocytochemically using double staining for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and A2B5 antigen (type 1 and type 2 astrocytes) or galactocerebroside (GalC) and A2B5 antigen (oligodendrocytes); cells positive for A2B5 and negative for both GFAP and GalC were considered to be precursor cells. Cultures were grown either in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum or in serum‐free chemically defined medium (CDM) supplemented with insulin and transferrin. We report that early‐passage C6 glial cells continue to be bipotential cells and when grown in the absence of serum express high GS and CNP activities correlating with the high number of GFAP‐ and GalC‐positive cells, respectively. Late‐passage cells continued to be committed to the type 2 astrocytic phenotype regardless of media composition (± serum). MACH cultures consist of protoplasmic type 1 astrocytes, differentiated type 2 astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes as well as glial progenitor cells. When these cultures were grown in CDM + transferrin, both GS and CNP activities increased, suggesting that transferrin has provided the signal for progenitor cells present in these cultures derived from aged brain to differentiate into type 2 astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-257
Number of pages13
JournalGlia
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Aged mouse glia
  • Cell passage
  • Oligodendrocytes
  • Precursor glial
  • Type 1 and type 2 astrocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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