Common TDP1 polymorphisms in relation to survival among small cell lung cancer patients: A multicenter study from the international lung cancer consortium

Pawadee Lohavanichbutr, Lori C. Sakoda, Christopher I. Amos, Susanne M. Arnold, David C. Christiani, Michael P.A. Davies, John K. Field, Eric B. Haura, Rayjean J. Hung, Takashi Kohno, Maria Teresa Landi, Geoffrey Liu, Yi Liu, Michael W. Marcus, Grainne M. O'Kane, Matthew B. Schabath, Kouya Shiraishi, Stacey A. Slone, Adonina Tardón, Ping YangKazushi Yoshida, Ruyang Zhang, Xuchen Zong, Gary E. Goodman, Noel S. Weiss, Chu Chen

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: DNA topoisomerase inhibitors are commonly used for treating small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (TDP1) repairs DNA damage caused by this class of drugs and may therefore influence treatment outcome. In this study, we investigated whether common TDP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are associated with overall survival among SCLC patients. Experimental Design: Two TDP1 SNPs (rs942190 and rs2401863) were analyzed in 890 patients from 10 studies in the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO). The Kaplan- Meier method and Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate genotype associations with overall mortality at 36 months postdiagnosis, adjusting for age, sex, race, and tumor stage. Results: Patients homozygous for the minor allele (GG) of rs942190 had poorer survival compared with those carrying AA alleles, with a HR of 1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08- 1.72, P= 0.01), but no association with survival was observed for patients carrying the AG genotype (HR = 1.04, 95% CI, 0.84- 1.29, P = 0.72). For rs2401863, patients homozygous for the minor allele (CC) tended to have better survival than patients carrying AA alleles (HR = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.61-1.02, P = 0.07). Results from the Genotype Tissue Expression (GTEx) Project, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE), and the ePOSSUM web application support the potential function of rs942190. Conclusions: We found the rs942190 GG genotype to be associated with relatively poor survival among SCLC patients. Further investigation is needed to confirm the result and to determine whether this genotype may be a predictive marker for treatment efficacy of DNA topoisomerase inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7550-7557
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume23
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Lohavanichbutr, P., Sakoda, L. C., Amos, C. I., Arnold, S. M., Christiani, D. C., Davies, M. P. A., Field, J. K., Haura, E. B., Hung, R. J., Kohno, T., Landi, M. T., Liu, G., Liu, Y., Marcus, M. W., O'Kane, G. M., Schabath, M. B., Shiraishi, K., Slone, S. A., Tardón, A., ... Chen, C. (2017). Common TDP1 polymorphisms in relation to survival among small cell lung cancer patients: A multicenter study from the international lung cancer consortium. Clinical Cancer Research, 23(24), 7550-7557. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-1401