Colorectal cancer screening completion: An examination of differences by screening modality

Lila J. Finney Rutten, Debra J. Jacobson, Gregory D. Jenkins, Chun Fan, Emily Weiser, Philip Parks, Mary Doroshenk, Paul J. Limburg, Jennifer L. St. Sauver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Average-risk colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is broadly recommended, using one of several endorsed test options. However, CRC screening participation rates remain below national goals. To gain further insights regarding recent, population-based patterns in overall and test-specific CRC screening participation, we conducted a retrospective study of adults, ages 50–75 years, utilizing comprehensive data resources from the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). Among residents of Olmsted County, MN eligible and due for CRC screening, we identified 5818 residents across three annual cohorts who completed screening between 1/1/2016 and 12/31/2018. We summarized CRC screening rates as incidence per 1000 population and used Poisson regression to test for overall and mode-specific CRC trends. We also analyzed rates of follow-up colonoscopy within 6-months after a positive stool-based screening result. While no significant differences over time were observed in overall CRC screening incidence rates among those due for screening, we observed a statistically significant increase in mt-sDNA test and statistically significant decreases in screening colonoscopy and FIT/FOBT test completion rates; differences in screening overall and by modality were observed by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. The diagnostic colonoscopy follow-up rate within six months after a positive stool-based test was significantly higher following mt-sDNA (84.9%) compared to FIT/FOBT (42.6%). In this retrospective, population-based study, overall CRC screening incidence rates remained stable from 2016 to 2018, while test-specific rates for mt-sDNA significantly increased and decreased for colonoscopy and FIT/FOBT. Adherence with follow-up colonoscopy after a positive stool-based test was significantly higher among patients who underwent mt-sDNA screening compared to FIT/FOBT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101202
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer early detection
  • Cancer screening
  • Colorectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Colorectal cancer screening completion: An examination of differences by screening modality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this