Cobicistat is a novel cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor in advanced clinical evaluation for use as a pharmacoenhancer of antiretroviral drugs. It lacks significant anti-HIV activity and is more selective than ritonavir in its enzyme inhibition. In addition, its water solubility may lend itself to coformulation with other drugs. Renal adverse effects and a considerable drug interaction potential limit its clinical utility and caution is required when using it. A fixed-dose combination product containing cobicistat in addition to elvitegravir, tenofovir and emtricitabine, and providing a one-pill, once-a-day antiretroviral regimen was recently approved.
- Cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)