Co-inheritance of a PKD1 mutation and homozygous PKD2 variant: A potential modifier in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

G. V.Z. Dedoussis, Y. Luo, P. Starremans, S. Rossetti, A. J. Ramos, H. F. Cantiello, E. Katsareli, P. Ziroyannis, K. Lamnissou, P. C. Harris, J. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), which is caused by mutations in polycystins 1 (PC1) and 2 (PC2), is one of the most commonly inherited renal diseases, affecting ∼1 : 1000 Caucasians. Materials and methods: We screened Greek ADPKD patients with the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) assay and direct sequencing. Results: We identified a patient homozygous for a nucleotide change c.1445T > G, resulting in a novel homozygous substitution of the non-polar hydrophobic phenylalanine to the polar hydrophilic cysteine in exon 6 at codon 482 (p.F482C) of the PKD2 gene and a de-novo PKD1 splice-site variant IVS21-2delAG. We did not find this PKD2 variant in a screen of 280 chromosomes of healthy subjects, supporting its pathogenicity. The proband's parents did not have the PKD1 mutation. Real-time PCR of the PKD2 transcript from a skin biopsy revealed 20-fold higher expression in the patient than in a healthy subject and was higher in the patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) than in those of her heterozygote daughter and a healthy subject. The greater gene expression was also supported by Western blotting. Inner medullar collecting duct (IMCD) cells transfected with the mutant PKD2 mouse gene presented a perinuclear and diffuse cytoplasmic localization compared with the wild type ER localization. Patch-clamping of PBMCs from the p.F482C homozygous and heterozygous subjects revealed lower polycystin-2 channel function than in controls. Conclusions: We report for the first time a patient with ADPKD who is heterozygous for a de novo PKD1 variant and homozygous for a novel PKD2 mutation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-190
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Channel activity
  • Mutation
  • PKD
  • Polycystins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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