Background: Breast cancer in young women is more likely to have higher risk features and be associated with germline BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. We present the clinicopathologic features of breast cancers in a prospective cohort of young women, and associations between surrogate molecular subtype and BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation status. Methods: Histopathological features, biomarker status, tumour stage and BRCA status were collected. Invasive tumours were categorised as luminal A-like (ER + and/or PR + , HER2−, grade 1/2), luminal B-like (ER + and/or PR + , HER2 + , or ER + and/or PR + , HER2−, and grade 3), HER2-enriched (ER/PR−, HER2 +) or triple-negative. Results: In all, 57.3% (654/1143) of invasive tumours were high grade. In total, 32.9% were luminal A-like, 42.4% luminal B-like, 8.3% HER2-enriched, and 16.4% triple-negative. Among different age groups, there were no differences in molecular phenotype, stage, grade or histopathology. 11% (131) of tumours were from BRCA mutation carriers; 64.1% BRCA1 (63.1% triple-negative), and 35.9% BRCA2 (55.3% luminal B-like). Discussion: The opportunity to provide comparisons across young age groups, BRCA mutation status, surrogate molecular phenotype, and the identification of more aggressive hormone receptor-positive phenotypes in this population provides direction for future work to further understand and improve disparate outcomes for young women with luminal B-like cancers, particularly BRCA2-associated cancers, with potential implications for tailored prevention and treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research