Clinical outcomes of focused ultrasound surgery for the treatment of uterine fibroids

Elizabeth A. Stewart, Jaron Rabinovici, Clare M.C. Tempany, Yael Inbar, Leslie Regan, Bobbie Gastout, Gina Hesley, Hyun S. Kim, Suzanne Hengst, Wladyslaw M. Gedroye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

356 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess outcomes at 6 and 12 months after magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) for symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. Design: Multicenter clinical trial. Setting: Academic medical centers. Patient(s): Premenopausal women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas and no plans for future pregnancy (n = 109 at 6 months and n = 82 at 12 months). Intervention(s): A single treatment session of MRgFUS for uterine fibroids. Main Outcome Measure(s): Reduction in fibroid symptoms as measured by the symptom severity score (SSS) of the Uterine Fibroid Quality-of-Life Instrument (UFS-QOL), the only validated measure of leiomyoma symptomatology. A 10-point reduction in the SSS was selected as the targeted improvement. Result(s): Seventy-one percent of women undergoing MRgFUS reached the targeted symptom reduction at 6 months, and 51% reached this at 12 months. The magnitude of improvement in SSS was greater than predicted, with subjects having a mean decrease of 39% and 36% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. This paralleled the improvement seen using the short form-36 instrument. A modest volume reduction similar in magnitude to the treated volume was seen. The incidence of adverse events was low. Conclusion(s): MRgFUS treatment results in short-term symptom reduction for women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas with an excellent safety profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


  • Focused ultrasound
  • Leiomyomas
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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