Clinical differences between total PAPP-A and measurements specific for the products of free PAPP-A activity in patients with stable cardiovascular disease

Olaf Schulz, Alexander B. Postnikov, Tatiana I. Smolyanova, Alexey G. Katrukha, Ingolf Schimke, Allan S. Jaffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Objectives: We have previously reported that increases in total pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) which are thought to be indicative of vulnerable plaques and thus poor outcomes predict outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that the determination of CT- and NT-fragments of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 (CT- and NT-IGFBP4) which should be indicative of free PAPP-A would result in better performance. Methods: In 229 stable cardiovascular patients with indication for heart catheterization after performance of a stress test and an echocardiogram, CT- and NT-IGFBP4 were measured. Their values were investigated in relation to clinical characteristics, findings of noninvasive investigations, laboratory data and coronary angiography as well as to outcomes after a follow-up of 1094. ±. 307. days. Results: CT-IGFBP4 values were independently predicted by patients with B-type (p. =. 0.0069) or complex coronary lesions (p. =. 0.0445). B-type and vulnerable coronary lesions were independently predicted by levels of CT-IGFBP4. ≥. a cutoff of 31.55. ng/mL derived from ROC analysis (p. =. 0.0090 and 0.0480). NT-IGFBP4 was not predictive of coronary characteristics. Both IGFBP4 fragments were strongly dependent on age and renal function and were not predictive of outcomes. Conclusion: Despite the relation of CT-IGFBP4 to a more severe coronary artery disease, CT- and NT-IGFBP4, in contrast to our report based on total PAPP-A, failed to predict any long-term outcomes in patients with stable cardiovascular disease. Further knowledge about the interaction of the PAPP-A-insulin-like growth factor system is needed to explain values of IGFBP4 fragments in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Biochemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014



  • IGF fragments
  • PAPP-A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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