Classification of vestibular signs and examination techniques: Nystagmus and nystagmus-like movements: Consensus document of the Committee for the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders of the Bárány Society

Scott D.Z. Eggers, Alexandre Bisdorff, Michael Von Brevern, David S. Zee, Ji Soo Kim, Nicolas Perez-Fernandez, Miriam S. Welgampola, Charles C. Della Santina, David E. Newman-Toker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a classification and definitions for types of nystagmus and other oscillatory eye movements relevant to evaluation of patients with vestibular and neurological disorders, formulated by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society, to facilitate identification and communication for research and clinical care. Terminology surrounding the numerous attributes and influencing factors necessary to characterize nystagmus are outlined and defined. The classification first organizes the complex nomenclature of nystagmus around phenomenology, while also considering knowledge of anatomy, pathophysiology, and etiology. Nystagmus is distinguished from various other nystagmus-like movements including saccadic intrusions and oscillations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-87
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation
Volume29
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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