Background and objectives Premenopausal women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy are at a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Given the potential benefits of estrogen on kidney function, we hypothesized that women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy are at higher risk of CKD. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We performed a population-based cohort study of 1653 women residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota who underwent bilateral oophorectomy before age 50 years old and before the onset of menopause from 1988 to 2007. These women were matched by age (±1 year) to 1653 referent women who did not undergo oophorectomy. Women were followed over a median of 14 years to assess the incidence of CKD. CKD was primarily defined using eGFR (eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 on two occasions >90 days apart). Hazard ratios were derived using Cox proportional hazards models, and absolute risk increases were derived using Kaplan-Meier curves at 20 years. All analyses were adjusted for 17 chronic conditions present at index date, race, education, body mass index, smoking, age, and calendar year. Results Women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy had a higher risk of eGFR-based CKD (211 events for oophorectomy and 131 for referent women; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.14 to 1.77; absolute risk increase, 6.6%). The risk was higher in women who underwent oophorectomy at age ≤45 years old (110 events for oophorectomy and 60 for referent women; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.15 to 2.19; absolute risk increase, 7.5%). Conclusions Premenopausal women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy, particularly those ≤45 years old, are at higher risk of developing CKD, even after adjusting for multiple chronic conditions and other possible confounders present at index date.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine