CKD in Patients with Bilateral Oophorectomy

Andrea G. Kattah, Carin Y. Smith, Liliana Gazzuola Rocca, Brandon R. Grossardt, Vesna D Garovic, Walter A Rocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Premenopausal women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy are at a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Given the potential benefits of estrogen on kidney function, we hypothesized that women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy are at higher risk of CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a population-based cohort study of 1653 women residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota who underwent bilateral oophorectomy before age 50 years old and before the onset of menopause from 1988 to 2007. These women were matched by age (±1 year) to 1653 referent women who did not undergo oophorectomy. Women were followed over a median of 14 years to assess the incidence of CKD. CKD was primarily defined using eGFR (eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 on two occasions >90 days apart). Hazard ratios were derived using Cox proportional hazards models, and absolute risk increases were derived using Kaplan-Meier curves at 20 years. All analyses were adjusted for 17 chronic conditions present at index date, race, education, body mass index, smoking, age, and calendar year. RESULTS: Women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy had a higher risk of eGFR-based CKD (211 events for oophorectomy and 131 for referent women; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.14 to 1.77; absolute risk increase, 6.6%). The risk was higher in women who underwent oophorectomy at age ≤45 years old (110 events for oophorectomy and 60 for referent women; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.15 to 2.19; absolute risk increase, 7.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Premenopausal women who undergo bilateral oophorectomy, particularly those ≤45 years old, are at higher risk of developing CKD, even after adjusting for multiple chronic conditions and other possible confounders present at index date. PODCAST: This article contains a podcast at

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1658
Number of pages10
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 7 2018



  • accelerated aging
  • Body Mass Index
  • chronic kidney disease
  • Cohort Studies
  • cohort study
  • estrogen
  • Estrogens
  • glomerular filtration rate
  • Incidence
  • Menopause
  • modifiable risk factor
  • Multiple Chronic Conditions
  • Oophorectomy
  • Ovariectomy
  • Premenopause
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Cite this