Chimeric rat/human neurotensin receptors localize a region of the receptor sensitive to binding of a novel, species-specific, picomolar affinity peptide

Bernadette Cusack, Karen Groshan, Daniel J. McCormick, Yuan Ping Pang, Robin Perry, Chan Tran Phung, Terrance Souder, Elliott Richelsont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, we reported the development of a species-specific neurotensin analog that displays selective binding affinity at the rat and human neurotensin (NT) receptor, L-[3,2'-Nal11]NT(8-13) (where Nal is naphthylalanine) (NT19). We have developed another neurotensin analog, L- [3,1'-Nal11]NT(8-13), (NT34), that exhibits a 126-fold difference in binding affinities between the rat and human receptors. This compound differs from our previous reported species-specific ligand in the steric positioning of the naphthyl ring on the L-alanine side chain. For NT34, the observed K(d) values at the rat and human neurotensin receptors were 0.046 and 5.8 nM, respectively. In stimulating phosphatidylinositol turnover, the observed EC50 values were 2.8 nM and 130 nM in rat and human, respectively. We constructed a series of chimeric rat/human neurotensin receptor genes and expressed them by transient transfection into human embryonic kidney (HEK- 293) cells. Radioligand binding assays were then performed using neurotensin and NT34. Our results led us to propose a region of the neurotensin receptor that may be involved in determining species specificity, i.e. the transmembrane VI, the third extracellular loop, and transmembrane VII regions of the neurotensin receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15054-15059
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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