Chest X-ray changes in air space disease are associated with parameters of mechanical ventilation in ICU patients

E. Wesley Ely, Margaret M. Johnson, Caroline Chiles, Julia T. Rushing, David L. Bowton, Rita I. Freimanis, Robert H. Choplin, Edward F. Haponik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess relationships between parameters of mechanical ventilation (MV) and portable chest X-ray (CXR) measurements of lung length (LL) and severity of air space disease, a prospective, randomized, blinded comparison of 102 adults in a university hospital was performed. Each patient received two portable, supine CXRs on different MV breaths within 5 min of one another. Ventilator parameters were recorded. All 204 CXRs were randomly assorted and read independently by three radiologists. Air space disease was considered more severe with pressure support ventilation (PSV) breaths than with intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) breaths (p = 0.0003), and its extent correlated inversely with static compliance (p = 0.0001, r = -0.40). Among patients having CXRs on both IMV and PSV breaths, 15 of 67 (22%) had their overall degree of air space disease read differently by one category (mild, moderate, or severe). Increases in LL between the two CXRs were associated with increasing peak (p = 0.0038) or mean (p = 0.0065) airway pressure, tidal volume (VT) (p = 0.022), and VT per kilogram (p = 0.006). We conclude that lung volume changes during MV, typically not noted nor controlled for during portable chest radiography, may substantially alter the interpretation of air space disease and LL. Physicians monitoring intensive care unit (ICU) patients with daily CXRs should be aware of the variables influencing interpretation of portable CXRs of ICU patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1543-1550
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume154
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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