Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein

Chris W. Cody, Douglas C. Prasher, William M. Westler, Franklyn G. Prendergast, William W. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The green-fluorescent proteins (GFP) are a unique class of proteins involved in bioluminescence of many cnidaria. The GFPs serve as energy-transfer acceptors, receiving energy from either a luciferaseoxyluciferin complex or a Ca2+-activated photoprotein, depending on the organism. Upon mechanical stimulation of the organism, GFP emits green light spectrally identical to its fluorescence emission. These highly fluorescent proteins are unique due to the nature of the covalently attached chromophore, which is composed of modified amino acid residues within the polypeptide. This report describes the characterization of the Aequorea victoria GFP chromophore which is released as a hexapeptide upon digestion of the protein with papain. The chromophore is formed upon cyclization of the residues Ser-dehydroTyr-Gly within the polypeptide. The chromophore structure proposed here differs from that described by Shimomura [(1979) FEBS Lett. 104, 220] in a number of ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212-1218
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry®
Volume32
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1993

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Chromophores
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Luminescent Proteins
Cnidaria
Methyl Green
Peptides
Papain
Energy Transfer
Cyclization
Proteolysis
Proteins
Fluorescence
Bioluminescence
Amino Acids
Energy transfer
Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Cody, C. W., Prasher, D. C., Westler, W. M., Prendergast, F. G., & Ward, W. W. (1993). Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein. Biochemistry®, 32(5), 1212-1218.

Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein. / Cody, Chris W.; Prasher, Douglas C.; Westler, William M.; Prendergast, Franklyn G.; Ward, William W.

In: Biochemistry®, Vol. 32, No. 5, 1993, p. 1212-1218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cody, CW, Prasher, DC, Westler, WM, Prendergast, FG & Ward, WW 1993, 'Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein', Biochemistry®, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1212-1218.
Cody CW, Prasher DC, Westler WM, Prendergast FG, Ward WW. Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein. Biochemistry®. 1993;32(5):1212-1218.
Cody, Chris W. ; Prasher, Douglas C. ; Westler, William M. ; Prendergast, Franklyn G. ; Ward, William W. / Chemical structure of the hexapeptide chromophore of the aequorea green-fluorescent protein. In: Biochemistry®. 1993 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 1212-1218.
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