Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are one of the most potent stimulators of cell growth. IGFs are modulated by six high affinity binding proteins (IGFBPs) which are, in turn, regulated through post-translational modifications such as proteolysis. In the conditioned media of human fibroblasts, IGFBP-4 is cleaved by an apparently novel IGFBP-4-specific protease that requires IGF for functional activity. We have used several biochemical manipulations, including size exclusion chromatography, native gel electrophoresis, chaotropic salt precipitation, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, isoelectric focusing, lectin affinity chromatography, and metal chelating affinity chromatography to both characterize and partially purify the IGF-dependent IGFBP-4 protease. Our results indicate that this protease is a highly glycosylated, Zn+2 binding metalloprotease with a native molecular weight greater than 200 kDa.
- Human fibroblasts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism