Change in Public Perspective on Cholesterol and Heart Disease

Results From Two National Surveys

Beth Schucker, Kent R Bailey, James T. Heimbach, Margaret E. Mattson, Janet T. Wittes, Carol M. Haines, David J. Gordon, Jeffrey A. Cutler, Virginia S. Keating, Ronald S. Goor, Basil M. Rifkind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Md, and the Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC, sponsored two national probability telephone surveys (N = 4000) of adults to assess attitudes and knowledge about heart disease risk from high blood cholesterol levels and the public’s efforts to lower blood cholesterol levels. The first survey was conducted in 1983, before release of the results from the Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial, which showed that a reduction in the blood cholesterol level reduced coronary heart disease; the second survey was conducted in 1986. The percentage of adults who believed that reducing high blood cholesterol levels would have a large effect on heart disease increased from 64% in 1983 to 72% in 1986, so that the importance attached to reducing high blood cholesterol levels approached that attributed to reducing smoking and high blood pressure. In 1983,35% of adults reported that they had their cholesterol level checked vs 46% in 1986. In both years, diet changes were most frequently chosen (>60%) as ways to control the blood cholesterol level; reducing dietary fat was believed to be as important as reducing dietary cholesterol. By 1986, 23% of adults reported that they made dietary changes specifically to lower their blood cholesterol level, up from 14% in 1983. These comparative data show gains in public awareness and action relating to high blood cholesterol level risk. The data can be used to develop education programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3527-3531
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume258
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 25 1987

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Heart Diseases
Cholesterol
Hypercholesterolemia
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.)
Dietary Cholesterol
Surveys and Questionnaires
Dietary Fats
United States Food and Drug Administration
Primary Prevention
Telephone
Coronary Disease
Smoking
Diet
Hypertension
Lipids
Education
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Change in Public Perspective on Cholesterol and Heart Disease : Results From Two National Surveys. / Schucker, Beth; Bailey, Kent R; Heimbach, James T.; Mattson, Margaret E.; Wittes, Janet T.; Haines, Carol M.; Gordon, David J.; Cutler, Jeffrey A.; Keating, Virginia S.; Goor, Ronald S.; Rifkind, Basil M.

In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 258, No. 24, 25.12.1987, p. 3527-3531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schucker, B, Bailey, KR, Heimbach, JT, Mattson, ME, Wittes, JT, Haines, CM, Gordon, DJ, Cutler, JA, Keating, VS, Goor, RS & Rifkind, BM 1987, 'Change in Public Perspective on Cholesterol and Heart Disease: Results From Two National Surveys', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 258, no. 24, pp. 3527-3531. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1987.03400240059024
Schucker, Beth ; Bailey, Kent R ; Heimbach, James T. ; Mattson, Margaret E. ; Wittes, Janet T. ; Haines, Carol M. ; Gordon, David J. ; Cutler, Jeffrey A. ; Keating, Virginia S. ; Goor, Ronald S. ; Rifkind, Basil M. / Change in Public Perspective on Cholesterol and Heart Disease : Results From Two National Surveys. In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. 1987 ; Vol. 258, No. 24. pp. 3527-3531.
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