To address the role of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in hypothyroidism in the control of cardiorenal-endocrine function during volume loading, the relationships between atrial pressure, ANF, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and renal hemodynamic and excretory function were examined during and after acute 10% body wt saline volume infusion in pentobarbital-anesthetized hypothyroid dogs (n = 8). Hormonal changes before and after thyroidectomy were also evaluated. Four to 6 wk after thyroidectomy ANF decreased and arginine vasopressin (AVP) and plasma renin activity (PRA) increased. Acute saline volume expansion caused an increase in ANF and decreases in AVP and PRA. Atrial pressure increased throughout volume expansion. Despite the absence of an increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) during volume expansion, urinary sodium excretion increased due to a marked rise in fractional excretion of sodium. These studies demonstrate that in hypothyroidism 1) ANF is decreased; 2) despite the decrease in basal ANF, increases in atrial pressure can stimulate relase of ANF; 3) despite the absence of an increase in GFR during volume expansion, fractional excretion of sodium increases associated with an increase in ANF; and 4) a lack of an increase in GFR during volume expansion is not related to an inability to increase ANF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)