Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Elbow: A Systematic Review of Osteochondral Graft Reconstruction Options

Anthony L. Logli, Devin P. Leland, Christopher D. Bernard, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Mark E. Morrey, Shawn W. O'Driscoll, Aaron J. Krych, Zhen Wang, Christopher L. Camp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To systematically evaluate the outcomes and complications of osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT) and osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) for the surgical treatment of capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Methods: A literature search was conducted across 3 databases (PubMed, Cochrane, and CINAHL [Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature]) from database inception through December 2019 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Individual study quality was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies scale. Studies were published between 2005 and 2019. Results: Eighteen studies consisting of 446 elbow OCD lesions treated with OAT surgery were included. There was a single OCA study eligible for inclusion. Patient ages ranged from 10 to 45 years. Of the OAT studies, 4 used autologous costal grafts whereas the remainder used autografts from the knee. Outcome measures were heterogeneously reported. A significant improvement in Timmerman-Andrews scores from preoperatively to postoperatively was reported in 9 of 10 studies. Return-to-play rates to the preinjury level of competitive play ranged from 62% to 100% across 16 studies. Significant improvement in motion, most often extension, was noted in most studies. Reported complication, reoperation, and failure rates ranged from 0% to 11%, 0% to 26%, and 0% to 20%, respectively. When used, knee autografts resulted in low donor-site morbidity (Lysholm scores, 70-100). Conclusions: OAT surgery for large, unstable OCD lesions of the capitellum reliably produced good outcomes, few complications, and a high rate of return to competitive play. Complications are relatively uncommon, and donor-site morbidity is low. Less is known about the performance of OCA given the paucity of available literature. Level of Evidence: Level IV, systematic review of Level II to IV studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1747-1764
Number of pages18
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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