Calreticulin mutations and long-term survival in essential thrombocythemia

A. Tefferi, E. A. Wassie, T. L. Lasho, C. Finke, A. A. Belachew, R. P. Ketterling, C. A. Hanson, A. Pardanani, N. Gangat, A. P. Wolanskyj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of calreticulin (CALR) mutations on long-term survival in essential thrombocythemia (ET) was examined in 299 patients whose diagnosis predated 2006. Mutational frequencies were 53% for Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), 32% for CALR and 3% for MPL; the remaining 12% were 'triple-negative'. We confirmed the association of mutant CALR (vs JAK2V617F) with younger age (P=0.002), male sex (P=0.01), higher platelet count (0.0004), lower hemoglobin (P<0.0001), lower leukocyte count (0.02) and lower incidence of recurrent thrombosis (0.04). Triple-negative patients were also younger than their JAK2-mutated counterparts (P=0.003) and displayed lower hemoglobin (P=0.003), lower leukocyte count (<0.0001) and lower thrombotic events (P=0.02). Median follow-up time was 12.7 years and 47% of the patients were followed until death. Survival was the longest for triple-negative and shortest for MPL-mutated patients. Median survival was 19 years for JAK2 and 20 years for CALR-mutated cases (P=0.32); the corresponding figures for patients of age ≤65 years were 26 and 32 years (P=0.56). The two mutational categories were also similar for leukemic (P=0.28) and fibrotic (P=0.28) progression rates. The current study is uniquely characterized by its very long follow-up period and provides accurate estimates of long-term survival in ET and complements current information on mutation-specific phenotype and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2300-2303
Number of pages4
JournalLeukemia
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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