Calmodulin binding to the intestinal brush-border membrane: Comparison to other calcium-binding proteins

Daniel Bikle, Scott Munson, Sylvia Christakos, Rajiv Kumar, Patricia Buckendahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intestinal brush-border membrane contains a high concentration of calmodulin bound to a 105 000 dalton (105 kDa) protein. Binding of radioiodinated calmodulin to this protein does not require calcium but is inhibited by trifluoperazine and excess unlabelled calmodulin. Recent evidence suggests that the 105 kDa protein in conjunction with calmodulin may be involved in the regulation of calcium transport across the brush-border membrane. In this report, we evaluated the binding of the 105 kDa protein to other radioiodinated calcium-binding proteins including the vitamin D-dependent intestinal calcium-binding protein. We observed that troponin C and S100ß protein both bound strongly to the 105 kDa protein. The binding of S100ß was inhibited by EGTA, but was little affected by trifluoperazine and excess unlabelled S100ß, whereas that of troponin C was inhibited by trifluoperazine and excess unlabelled troponin C, but was little affected by EGTA. Both troponin C and S100ß bound to a large number of proteins to which calmodulin did not bind. The vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein (calbindin) from chick intestine and rat kidney also bound to the 105 kDa protein, albeit more weakly than troponin C, S100ß and calmodulin. The binding of the calbindins was increased by EGTA and was little affected by trifluoperazine and excess unlabelled calbindin. Paryalbumin, rat osteocalcin, and α-lactalbumin showed little binding to any brush-border membrane protein. Our results indicate that the 105 kDa calmodulin-binding protein of the intestinal brush border can bind to a variety of calcium-binding proteins all of which contain homologous regions thought to be the calcium-binding sites. Only the binding of troponin C resembles the binding of calmodulin, however, in being inhibited by trifluoperazine and excess unlabelled ligand. The functional significance of these observations in terms of regulating calcium transport across the brush-border membrane remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1010
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 1989

Keywords

  • Brush-border membrane
  • Calcium binding
  • Calcium ion transport
  • Calmodulin binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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