Brain MR Spectroscopy Changes Precede Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration Phenoconversion in Mapt Mutation Carriers

Qin Chen, Bradley F. Boeve, Nirubol Tosakulwong, Timothy Lesnick, Danielle Brushaber, Christina Dheel, Julie Fields, Leah Forsberg, Ralitza Gavrilova, Debra Gearhart, Dana Haley, Jeffrey L. Gunter, Jonathan Graff-Radford, David Jones, David Knopman, Neill Graff-Radford, Ruth Kraft, Maria Lapid, Rosa Rademakers, Zbigniew K. WszolekHowie Rosen, Adam L. Boxer, Kejal Kantarci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to longitudinally investigate the trajectory of change in 1H MRS measurements in asymptomatic MAPT mutation carriers who became symptomatic during follow-up, and to determine the time at which the neurochemical alterations accelerated during disease progression. METHODS: We identified eight MAPT mutations carriers who transitioned from asymptomatic to symptomatic disease during follow-up. All participants were longitudinally followed with an average of 7.75 years (range 4-11 years) and underwent two or more single voxel 1H MRS examinations from the posterior cingulate voxel, with a total of 60 examinations. The rate of longitudinal change for each metabolite was estimated using linear mixed models. A flex point model was used to estimate the flex time point of the change in slope. RESULTS: The decrease in the NAA/mI ratio accelerated 2.09 years prior to symptom onset, and continued to decline. A similar trajectory was observed in the presumed glial marker mI/Cr ratio accelerating 1.86 years prior to symptom onset. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the potential use of longitudinal 1H MRS for monitoring the neurodegenerative progression in MAPT mutation carriers starting from the asymptomatic stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-629
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • MAPT
  • MRS
  • converter
  • frontotemporal lobar degeneration
  • longitudinal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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