Bone Marrow Biopsies for the Diagnosis of Systemic Mastocytosis: Is One Biopsy Sufficient?

Joseph H. Butterfield, Chin Yang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The medical records of 21 patients evaluated for mastocytosis and 2 patients seen for follow-up of known mastocytosis who underwent bilateral iliac crest aspirations and biopsies were reviewed retrospectively to determine whether mastocytosis could be confirmed in each of a patient's biopsy specimens. In 19 cases (83%), each biopsy specimen showed evidence of mastocytosis; however, in 4 cases (17%), only 1 of 2 biopsy sites revealed mastocytosis. Compared with the 4 patients with only a unilateral positive biopsy result, the bilateral group had significantly higher urinary excretion of 11β-prostaglandin F, higher serum tryptase levels, and higher serum calcitonin values, and a higherpercentage had splenomegaly (37% [7/19] vs 0% [0/4]). The 2 groups could not be distinguished by the main initial symptom(s), presence of urticaria pigmentosa, or other laboratory findings (alkaline phosphatase, aspartate transaminase, or hemoglobin concentrations or total WBC, total eosinophil, or platelet counts). Bilateral biopsies might be useful for diagnosing early systemic mastocytosis or detecting minimal bone marrow involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-267
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of clinical pathology
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Biopsy
  • Bone marrow
  • Diagnosis
  • Systemic mastocytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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