Blood pressure regulation in pheochromocytoma

Emmanuel L. Bravo, Robert C. Tarazi, Fetnat M. Fouad, Stephen C. Textor, Ray W. Gifford, Donald G. Vidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two sets of studies were performed in 13 patients with prored adrenal pheochromocytoma to test the hypothesis that the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) Is active and might contribute to the hypertensire state. Similar studies were performed in 15 additional patients considered to have essential hypertension. In the first set, 13 patients with pheochromocytoma were subjected to head-up tilt to assess the activity of the SNS. This maneuver decreased diastolic blood pressure in only two; heart rate increased appropriately in all except one. Changes in plasma noreplnephrine (NE) were variable and did not correlate with changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). In the second set, 10 patients with pheochromocytoma were given a single oral dose of clonldine (03 mg) to evaluate what role, if any, the SNS might contribute to the hypertensive state. Fifteen patients with essential hypertension were studied similarly for comparison. Clonidlne produced significant decreases in BP and HR but left plasma renln activity unchanged in both groups. In essential hypertension, the cardiovascular responses were accompanied by significant reductions in plasma NE. By contrast, plasma NE was unchanged in patients with pheochromocytoma, despite similar reductions in BP and HR. These results suggest that the sympathetic reflexes are intact in pbeochromocytoma, and that much of the hypertension associated with these tumors may be related to increased sympathetic activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalHypertension
Volume4
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1982

Keywords

  • Adrenal pheochromocytoma
  • Catecholamines
  • Clonidine
  • Essential hypertension
  • Smooth muscle blood pressure regulation
  • Sympathetic nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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    Bravo, E. L., Tarazi, R. C., Fouad, F. M., Textor, S. C., Gifford, R. W., & Vidt, D. G. (1982). Blood pressure regulation in pheochromocytoma. Hypertension, 4(3), 193-199.