Blockade of CD49d inhibits allergic airway pathologies independent of effects on leukocyte recruitment

Michael T. Borchers, J. Crosby, S. Farmer, J. Sypek, T. Ansay, Nancy A Lee, J. J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lymphocyte and/or eosinophil recruitment is dependent on the sequential interactions between adhesion molecules expressed on activated endothelial cells and both leukocyte subtypes. Endothelial P- and E-selectins mediate tethering and rolling of leukocytes through interactions with P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), and diapedesis subsequently occurs by engagement of endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and CD49d (α4-integrins). The anti-inflammatory potential of interfering with these adhesive interactions was assessed with an ovalbumin challenge mouse model of asthma. Administration of a soluble form of PSGL-1 reduced eosinophils (80%) and lymphocytes (50%) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid without affecting epithelial changes or airway hyperreactivity (AHR). In contrast, although administration of anti-CD49d monoclonal antibodies (PS/2) resulted in similar reductions in eosinophils (75%) and lymphocytes (50%), PS/2 reduced and abolished mucous cell metaplasia and AHR, respectively. Administration of both PSGL-1 and PS/2 had the additive effect of eliminating eosinophils from the airways (96% decrease), with few or no additional reductions (relative to PS/2 administration alone) in lymphocyte recruitment, mucous cell metaplasia, or AHR. These data show that eosinophils and lymphocytes differentially utilize adhesive interactions during recruitment and that the inhibition of AHR is independent of this recruitment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume280
Issue number4 24-4
StatePublished - Apr 2001

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Keywords

  • α-integrin
  • Airway hyperreactivity
  • P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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