Blinded prospective evaluation of sensitivity of MR angiography to known intracranial aneurysms: Importance of aneurysm size

J. Huston, D. A. Nichols, P. H. Luetmer, J. T. Goodwin, F. B. Meyer, D. O. Wiebers, A. L. Weaver, A. W. Litt, H. R. Winn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the sensitivity of time-of-flight and phase-contrast MR angiography for the detection of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Sixteen patients with 27 intracranial aneurysms previously identified with conventional angiography and 19 control patients were examined with three- dimensional time-of-flight, three-dimensional phase-contrast MR angiography, and standard MR imaging. Subvolumes of the carotid and posterior circulations, source images, and standard MR images were blindly interpreted by three experienced neuroradiologists. RESULTS: Detection of an aneurysm by a given sequence was defined as at least two of the three blinded readers identifying the aneurysm. The sensitivities of the sequences based on all 27 aneurysms were: transaxial T1, 25.9%; T2, 48.1%; PC, 44.4%; and TF, 55.6%. Two of 3 aneurysms detected with T2 but not MR angiography had adjacent blood products. Five millimeters appeared to be a critical size; the sensitivities for aneurysms greater than or equal to 5 mm were: T1, 37.5%; T2, 62.5%; PC, 75%; and TF, 87.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR with 512 x 256 matrix is more sensitive than three-dimensional phase-contrast or standard MR imaging for detection of aneurysms. Retrospectively, aneurysms 3 mm or larger can be identified with MR angiography; however, prospectively, 5 mm is the critical size for detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1607-1617
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume15
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Huston, J., Nichols, D. A., Luetmer, P. H., Goodwin, J. T., Meyer, F. B., Wiebers, D. O., Weaver, A. L., Litt, A. W., & Winn, H. R. (1994). Blinded prospective evaluation of sensitivity of MR angiography to known intracranial aneurysms: Importance of aneurysm size. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 15(9), 1607-1617.