Biomechanical evaluation of a novel double rip-stop technique with medial row knots for rotator cuff repair: An in vitro study

Z. Wang, H. Li, Z. Long, S. Lin, A. R. Thoreson, S. L. Moran, Anne Gingery, P. C. Amadio, S. P. Steinmann, C. Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims Many biomechanical studies have shown that the weakest biomechanical point of a rotator cuff repair is the suture-tendon interface at the medial row. We developed a novel double rip-stop (DRS) technique to enhance the strength at the medial row for rotator cuff repair. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical properties of the DRS technique with the conventional suture-bridge (SB) technique and to evaluate the biomechanical performance of the DRS technique with medial row knots. Methods A total of 24 fresh-frozen porcine shoulders were used. The infraspinatus tendons were sharply dissected and randomly repaired by one of three techniques: SB repair (SB group), DRS repair (DRS group), and DRS with medial row knots repair (DRSK group). Specimens were tested to failure. In addition, 3 mm gap formation was measured and ultimate failure load, stiffness, and failure modes were recorded. Results The mean load to create a 3 mm gap formation in the DRSK and DRS groups was significantly higher than in the SB group. The DRSK group had the highest load to failure with a mean ultimate failure load of 395.0 N (SD 56.8) compared to the SB and DRS groups, which recorded 147.1 N (SD 34.3) and 285.9 N (SD 89.8), respectively (p < 0.001 for both). The DRS group showed a significantly higher mean failure load than the SB group (p = 0.006). Both the DRS and DRSK groups showed significantly higher mean stiffness than the SB group. Conclusion The biomechanical properties of the DRS technique were significantly improved compared to the SB technique. The DRS technique with medial row knots showed superior biomechanical performance than the DRS technique alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalBone and Joint Research
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Double rip-stop
  • Medial row knot
  • Rotator cuff
  • Suture-bridge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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