Objectives. We sought to determine the in-hospital clinical outcome and angiographic results of patients prospectively entered into the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/New Approaches to Coronary Intervention (NHLBI/NACI) Registry who received Gianturco-Roubin stents as an unplanned new device. Background. Between August 1990 and March 1994, nine centers implanted Gianturco-Roubin flex stents as an unplanned new device in the initial treatment of 350 patients (389 lesions) who were prospectively enrolled in the NHLBI/NACI Registry. Methods. Patients undergoing implantation of the Gianturco-Roubin flex stent were prospectively entered into the Gianturco-Roubin stent portion of the NHLBI/NACI Registry. Only subjects receiving the Gianturco-Roubin stent as a new device in an unplanned fashion are included. Results. The mean age of the patient group was 61.8 years, and the majority of the patients were men. A history of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was present in 35.4% of the group, and 16.9% had previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Unstable angina was present in 67.7%. Double- or triple-vessel coronary artery disease was present in 55.4%, and the average ejection fraction was 58%. The presence of thrombus was noted in 7.3%, and 7.2% had moderate to severe tortuosity of the lesion. The angiographic success rate was 92%. Individual clinical sites reported that 66.3% of the stents were placed after suboptimal PTCA, 20.3% for abrupt closure and 13.4% for some other technical PTCA failure. Major in-hospital events occurred in 9.7% of patients, including death in 1.7%, Q wave myocardial infarction in 3.1% and emergency bypass surgery in 6%. Abrupt closure of a stented segment occurred in 3.1% of patients at a mean of 3.9 days. Cerebrovascular accident occurred in 0.3%, and transfusion was required in 10.6%. Vascular events with surgical repair occurred in 8.6% of patients. Conclusions. Despite these complications, the use of this device for the treatment of a failed or suboptimal PTCA result remains promising given the adverse outcome of abrupt closure with conventional (nonstent) treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine