Bacterial infection-related glomerulonephritis in adults

Samih H. Nasr, Jai Radhakrishnan, Vivette D. D'Agati

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the past, most cases of bacterial infection-related glomerulonephritis (IRGN) occurred in children following streptococcal upper respiratory tract or skin infections and were called postinfectious GN. Over the past 3 decades, there has been an important shift in epidemiology, bacteriology, and outcome of IRGN. A significant percentage of cases now target adults, particularly the elderly or immunocompromised. Because adult infections are often ongoing at the time of diagnosis, the term IRGN appears more appropriate. The sites of infection in adult IRGN are more heterogeneous than in children, and include the upper respiratory tract, skin, lung, heart, urinary tract, teeth/oral mucosa, and bone. In adults, the disease is more likely to be secondary to non-streptococcal infections, particularly staphylococcal infection. In contrast to the favorable course in children, a significant proportion of adults with IRGN, especially the elderly and diabetics, do not recover renal function. Whereas the pathogenesis of post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis has been studied extensively, leading to the identification of two candidate nephritogenic streptococcal antigens, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyrogenic exotoxin B, few investigations have focused on IRGN caused by other bacteria. This review will address the current status of sporadic bacterial IRGN in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-803
Number of pages12
JournalKidney international
Volume83
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

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Keywords

  • clinical nephrology
  • glomerulonephritis
  • kidney biopsy
  • kidney disease
  • pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Nasr, S. H., Radhakrishnan, J., & D'Agati, V. D. (2013). Bacterial infection-related glomerulonephritis in adults. Kidney international, 83(5), 792-803. https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2012.407