Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and survival in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Background Natriuretic peptides are released in response to neurohormonal activation, myocardial stretch, and wall tension and therefore reflect hemodynamic derangements. Methods A total of 772 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy had BNP obtained in conjunction with echocardiography and clinical evaluation, inclusive of cardiopulmonary exercise evaluation in 429 patients (56%). Results Survival free of all-cause mortality was lower across increasing levels of BNP (log-rank test, p = 0.002). Three-year survival by tertile was 99.2% (95% confidence interval: 94.3% to 99.9%; BNP level ≤98 pg/ml), 94.8% (95% confidence interval: 88.2% to 97.8%; BNP level, >98 to <298 pg/ml), and 89.9% (95% confidence interval: 82.0% to 94.5%; BNP level ≥298 pg/ml). Compared with patients in the first tertile, the hazard ratios for death in the second and third tertiles were 4.88 (p = 0.006) and 6.98 (p = 0.0003), respectively. This relationship persisted in patients without resting obstructive physiology (n = 497, p = 0.01). BNP levels were related to New York Heart Association functional status (p < 0.0001) and the subsequent need for septal reduction therapy in follow-up (p = 0.04). Conclusions In this large cohort of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, BNP was an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality.
- B-type natriuretic peptide hypertrophic cardiomyopathy survival
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine