Automating quality metrics in the era of electronic medical records: Digital signatures for ventilator bundle compliance

Haitao Lan, Charat Thongprayoon, Adil Ahmed, Vitaly D Herasevich, Priya Sampathkumar, Ognjen Gajic, John C. O'Horo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ventilator-associated events (VAEs) are associated with increased risk of poor outcomes, including death. Bundle practices including thromboembolism prophylaxis, stress ulcer prophylaxis, oral care, and daily sedation breaks and spontaneous breathing trials aim to reduce rates of VAEs and are endorsed as quality metrics in the intensive care units. We sought to create electronic search algorithms (digital signatures) to evaluate compliance with ventilator bundle components as the first step in a larger project evaluating the ventilator bundle effect on VAE. We developed digital signatures of bundle compliance using a retrospective cohort of 542 ICU patients from 2010 for derivation and validation and testing of signature accuracy from a cohort of random 100 patients from 2012. Accuracy was evaluated against manual chart review. Overall, digital signatures performed well, with median sensitivity of 100% (range, 94.4%-100%) and median specificity of 100% (range, 100%-99.8%). Automated ascertainment from electronic medical records accurately assesses ventilator bundle compliance and can be used for quality reporting and research in VAE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number396508
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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