We studied the different potentials of a secreted and a nonsecreted member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family to induce autocrine growth stimulation in human adrenal cortex carcinoma cells (SW-13). These epithelial cells express basic FGF (bFGF) cell surface receptors, and picomolar concentrations of bFGF suffice to induce anchorage-independent growth. The requirement for exogenously added bFGF contrasts with the intracellular storage of biologically active bFGF in SW-13 cells greater than 10,000-fold in excess of the concentration needed to stimulate anchorage independent growth. To study whether the expression of a secreted FGF would alter the growth phenotype of these cells, we transfected them with an expression vector coding for the Kaposi-fgf (K-fgf) oncogene. In contrast to controls, K-fgf-transfected cells secrete significant amounts of biologically active K-fgf protein into the growth media, show up to 50-fold increased colony formation in soft agar, and grow into rapidly progressing, highly vascularized tumors in athymic nude mice. A reversible inhibition of the autocrine growth stimulation in vitro is brought about by the polyanionic compound suramin. We conclude that FGF has to be released from SW-13 cells to function fully as a growth stimulator in vitro and in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Feb 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology