Association of Health Aging and Body Composition (ABC) Heart Failure score with cardiac structural and functional abnormalities in young individuals

Sachin Gupta, Jarett D. Berry, Colby R. Ayers, Susan A. Matulevicius, Ronald M. Peshock, Parag C. Patel, David W. Markham, Mark H. Drazner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The Health ABC Heart Failure score has recently been shown to predict 5-year risk of incident heart failure in the elderly. We tested whether this risk score is associated with subclinical phenotypes of heart failure in a younger population. Methods: We stratified participants in the Dallas Heart Study aged 30 to 65 years who had a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and no self-reported history of heart failure or cardiomyopathy into 4 previously defined Health ABC Heart Failure risk groups: low (<5%), average (5%-10%), high (10%-20%), and very high (>20% risk for heart failure within 5 years). We compared left ventricular (LV) structural and functional parameters and levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP among the 4 groups. Results: In the study cohort (N = 2,540), the percentage of subjects in the low-, average-, high-, and very high risk groups was 78%, 15%, 6%, and 1%, respectively. Indexed LV mass (80 ± 15 vs 90 ± 20 vs 95 ± 25 vs 116 ± 41 g/m2), concentricity (1.6 ± 0.3 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.0 ± 0.5 vs 2.2 ± 0.7 g/mL), median BNP (2.8 vs 3.7 vs 4.9 vs 7.5 pg/mL) and N-terminal proBNP (26 vs 30 vs 40 vs 58 pg/mL), and prevalent LV systolic dysfunction and LV hypertrophy progressively increased across risk groups (P < .001 for all) independent of gender or method of indexing LV mass. Conclusions: The Health ABC Heart Failure score was associated with subclinical cardiac structural changes in the general population 30 to 65 years of age, suggesting that it may be a valid tool for identification of young individuals at increased risk for heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-824
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume159
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Gupta, S., Berry, J. D., Ayers, C. R., Matulevicius, S. A., Peshock, R. M., Patel, P. C., Markham, D. W., & Drazner, M. H. (2010). Association of Health Aging and Body Composition (ABC) Heart Failure score with cardiac structural and functional abnormalities in young individuals. American heart journal, 159(5), 817-824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2010.02.001