Assessment of inhibin and p53 in granulosa cell tumors of the ovary

John B. Gebhart, Patrick C. Roche, Gary L. Keeney, Timothy G. Lesnick, Karl C. Podratz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. The goal of this work was to determine the cellular content of inhibin and p53 in granulosa cell tumors (GCTs). Methods. Clinical records of 47 patients (mean age, 54 years; range, 20-85 years) presenting with GCT surgically managed at our institution were abstracted. International Federation of Gynecology stage I was assigned in 39 patients, stage II in 2, and stage III in 6. Concomitant endometrial carcinoma was identified in 6 patients. Mean follow-up was 13.6 years (range, 1 day to 37.6 years). Sections from paraffin-embedded tissue blocks were analyzed immunohistochemically for expression of tissue inhibin and p53 levels. Inhibin expression was graded by intensity and reactivity, and p53, by its presence or absence. Results. The tumors of 27 patients (57%) stained strongly for inhibin intensity and showed >60% reactivity. Decreased intensity and reactivity of inhibin expression were associated with advanced- stage disease (P = 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively, by Fisher exact test). Expression of p53 was detected in tumors from 27 patients (57%), and immunoreactivity was associated with compromised progression-free survival (P = 0.016, log-rank test). However, the association between p53 immunoreactivity and disease stage was not significant. Absence of p53 expression was significantly associated with concurrent endometrial carcinoma (P = 0.022), suggesting more molecularly intact tumors that retain functional activity. Conclusions. Although the majority of GCTs show strong expression of inhibin with regard to intensity and reactivity, weak expression is associated with advanced disease but not with decreased progression-free survival. By contrast, expression of p53 is not significantly associated with stage, but increased expression is associated with decreased disease-free survival. Absence of p53 expression appears to be associated with concurrent endometrial carcinoma. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-236
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2000

Keywords

  • Cancer stage
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Neoplasm
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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