Previous studies reported increased eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) incidence in children. It is unclear whether this reported increased EoE incidence is true or due to increased recognition and diagnostic endoscopy among children. A population-based study that evaluated EoE incidence in OC, Minnesota, from 1976 to 2005 concluded that EoE incidence increased significantly over the past three 5-year intervals (from 0.35 [range: 0-0.87] per 100,000 person-years for 1991-1995 to 9.45 [range: 7.13-11.77] per 100,000 person-years for 2001-2005). The aim of this study is to assess the change of incidence and characteristics of EoE in children in the same population between 2005 and 2015 and compare the findings to those reported in the previous study. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records from Olmsted Medical Center and Mayo Clinic between 2005 and 2015, using Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) resources. All children with EoE diagnosis based on the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) guidelines were included. The incidence and characteristics of children with EoE during the study period were compared to those diagnosed between 1995 and 2005. The incidence of EoE in children adjusted for age and sex was 5.31 per 100,000 population person-years in 1995, 15.2 in 2005, and 19.2 in 2015. Change in annual incidence and seasonal variation were not significant, (P = .48) and (P = .32), respectively. Between 2005 and 2015, 73 children received an EoE diagnosis (boys 49; 67%) compared to 16 children (boys 10; 62.5) between 1995 and 2005. Mean (SD) age at diagnosis was 7.5 (5.2) and 12.8 (4.3) years, respectively. Symptoms differed by age of presentation, with vomiting the most common in children younger than 5 years (41.1% and 43.5%) and dysphagia in those older than 5 years (35.6% and 60.9%). The incidence of EoE was not increased for any specific age-group during the study period (P = .49). This study showed increased incidence of EoE in children in Olmsted County between 2005 and 2015 compared to the incidence between 1995 and 2005 (5.31 per 100,000 population person-years in 1995, 15.2 in 2005, and 19.2 in 2015). However, between 2005 and 2015, the change of incidence was not statically significant, (P = .48) despite the steady increase of EGD performed during the same time frame (64 in 2005 to 144 in 2015). By comparing children diagnosed between 2005 and 2015 to those diagnosed between 1995 and 2005, the mean age at diagnosis was younger in the former group, 7.5 versus 12.8 years. Vomiting replaced dysphagia as the most common clinical presentation. Otherwise, the presenting symptom of EoE in children remained consistent across specific age groups.
- eosinophilic esophagitis
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