Are children with epilepsy at greater risk for bullying than their peers?

Lorie D. Hamiwka, Cara G. Yu, Lorraine A. Hamiwka, Elisabeth M.S. Sherman, Blaire Anderson, Elaine Wirrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The primary goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of bullying in children with epilepsy compared with their healthy peers and peers with chronic disease. Children with epilepsy were compared with healthy children and a cohort of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The following self-report questionnaires were completed: Revised Olweus Bully/Victim, Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale, Revised Child Manifest Anxiety Scale, Child Depression Index, and Social Skills Rating System. Children with epilepsy were more frequently victims of bullying (42%) than were healthy controls (21%) or children with CKD (18%) (P = 0.01). Epilepsy factors such as early age at seizure onset, seizure type, and refractory epilepsy were not found to be predictors of victim status. Surprisingly, poor social skills, increased problem behaviors, poor self-concept, depression, and anxiety did not correlate with bully victim status. The relatively high prevalence of bullying behaviors in these children is concerning and, from a clinical standpoint, requires greater research specifically addressing peer relationships and consideration of the implementation of anti-bullying measures and coping strategies for children with epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-505
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Child
  • Epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Hamiwka, L. D., Yu, C. G., Hamiwka, L. A., Sherman, E. M. S., Anderson, B., & Wirrell, E. (2009). Are children with epilepsy at greater risk for bullying than their peers? Epilepsy and Behavior, 15(4), 500-505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.06.015