Anterior segment changes following intravitreal bevacizumab injection for treatment of neovascular glaucoma

M. I. Canut, A. Alvarez, J. Nadal, R. Abreu, J. A. Abreu, J. S. Pulido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe anterior segment changes in a prospective, interventional, noncomparative case series of patients with neovascular glaucoma secondary to proliferative diabetic retinopathy treated with intravitreal bevacizumab. Methods: Five consecutive patients with neovascular glaucoma and a refractory, symptomatic elevation of intraocular pressure and pronounced anterior segment congestion received intravitreal bevacizumab 1.25 mg/0.05 mL. Follow-up examinations were performed at 4-16 weeks by the same specialists, with testing performed at hour 48, week 1, and months 1, 3, and 6 after intravitreal bevacizumab. Results: We observed a significant difference (P = 0.021) between initial and mean neovascularization at three months in all the quadrants. At three months, median intraocular pressure was 19 ± 5.38 (range 12-26) mmHg. In three of the fve cases, diode laser cyclophoto-coagulation was required, and in one case a trabeculectomy was performed. One patient showed complete synechial angle closure 48 hours after treatment which required cyclodestructive procedures to normalize intraocular pressure. Conclusion: Intravitreal bevacizumab achieves complete regression of neovascularization in neovascular glaucoma secondary to proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and this regression is stable when associated with treatment of the underlying disease and should be investigated more thoroughly as an adjunct in the management of neovascular glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-719
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Angle closure
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab
  • Complications
  • Glaucoma
  • Intravitreal
  • Neovascular
  • Rubeosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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