Anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes: Part 1, mechanisms and risk factors

Timothy E. Hewett, Gregory D. Myer, Kevin R. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

484 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism underlying gender disparity in anterior cruciate ligament injury risk is likely multifactorial in nature. Several theories have been proposed to explain the mechanisms underlying the gender difference in anterior cruciate ligament injury rates. These theories include the intrinsic variables of anatomical, hormonal, neuromuscular, and biomechanical differences between genders and extrinsic variables. Identification of both extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors associated with the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism may provide direction for targeted prophylactic treatment to high-risk individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-311
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • Biomechanics
  • Female athlete
  • Injury mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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