Over the past decades, there have been great advancements in the survival outcome of patients with cancer. As a consequence, treatment regimens are being extended to patient populations that would not have qualified in the past based on comorbidities and age. Furthermore, the anti-cancer regimens, which have been and are being used, can cause considerable morbidity and even mortality. In fact, new drugs such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors have yielded unanticipated side effects in frequency and severity. The cardiovascular disease spectrum is an important element in all of these. In order to optimize the outcome of cancer patients with cardiovascular diseases existing prior to cancer treatment or developing as a consequence of it, a new discipline called "cardio-oncology" has evolved over the past few years. Herein, we review the latest developments in this field including cardiotoxicities, vascular toxicities, and arrhythmias. This field is taking on more shape as cardiologists, oncologists, and hematologists are forming alliances, programs, and clinics, supported by the development of expert consensus statements on best management approaches and care of the cancer patient with cardiovascular diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine