An inverse geometry CT system with stationary source arrays

Scott S. Hsieh, Joseph A. Heanue, Tobias Funk, Waldo S. Hinshaw, Norbert J. Pelc

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditional CT systems face a tradeoff between temporal resolution, volumetric coverage and cone beam artifacts and also have limited ability to customize the distribution of incident x-rays to the imaging task. Inverse geometry CT (IGCT) can overcome some of these limitations by placing a small detector opposite a large, rotating scanned source array. It is difficult to quickly rotate this source array to achieve rapid imaging, so we propose using stationary source arrays instead and investigate the feasibility of such a system. We anticipate that distinct source arrays will need to be physically separated, creating gaps in the sinogram. Symmetry can be used to fill the missing rays except those connecting gaps. With three source arrays, a large triangular field of view emerges. As the small detector orbits the patient, each source spot must be energized at multiple specifically designed times to ensure adequate sampling. A timing scheme is proposed that avoids timing clashes, efficiently uses the detector, and allows for simple collimation. The two-dimensional MTF, noise characteristics, and artifact levels are all found to be comparable to parallel-beam systems. A complete, 100 millisecond volumetric scan may be feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2011
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventMedical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 13 2011Feb 17 2011

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume7961
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period2/13/112/17/11

Keywords

  • computed tomography (CT)
  • IGCT
  • inverse-geometry
  • stationary source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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