American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

Sergio Giralt, Laurent Garderet, Brian Durie, Gordon Cook, Gosta Gahrton, Benedetto Bruno, Paremesweran Hari, Henk Lokhorst, Phillip McCarthy, Amrita Krishnan, Pieter Sonneveld, Harmut Goldschmidt, Sundar Jagannath, Bart Barlogie, Maria Mateos, Peter Gimsing, Orhan Sezer, Joseph R Mikhael, Jin Lu, Meletios Dimopoulos & 45 others Amitabha Mazumder, Antonio Palumbo, Rafat Abonour, Kenneth Anderson, Michel Attal, Joan Blade, Jenny Bird, Michele Cavo, Raymond Comenzo, Javier de la Rubia, Hermann Einsele, Ramon Garcia-Sanz, Jens Hillengass, Sarah Holstein, Hans Erik Johnsen, Douglas Joshua, Guenther Koehne, Shaji K Kumar, Robert Kyle, Xavier Leleu, Sagar Lonial, Heinz Ludwig, Hareth Nahi, Anil Nooka, Robert Orlowski, S Vincent Rajkumar, Anthony Reiman, Paul Richardson, Eloisa Riva, Jesus San Miguel, Ingemar Turreson, Saad Usmani, David Vesole, William Bensinger, Muzaffer Qazilbash, Yvonne Efebera, Mohamed Mohty, Christina Gasparreto, James Gajewski, Charles F. LeMaistre, Chris Bredeson, Phillipe Moreau, Marcelo Pasquini, Nicolaus Kroeger, Edward Stadtmauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In contrast to the upfront setting in which the role of high-dose therapy with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as consolidation of a first remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is well established, the role of high-dose therapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT has not been extensively studied in MM patients relapsing after primary therapy. The International Myeloma Working Group together with the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, and the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation convened a meeting of MM experts to: (1) summarize current knowledge regarding the role of autologous or allogeneic HCT in MM patients progressing after primary therapy, (2) propose guidelines for the use of salvage HCT in MM, (3) identify knowledge gaps, (4) propose a research agenda, and (5) develop a collaborative initiative to move the research agenda forward. After reviewing the available data, the expert committee came to the following consensus statement for salvage autologous HCT: (1) In transplantation-eligible patients relapsing after primary therapy that did NOT include an autologous HCT, high-dose therapy with HCT as part of salvage therapy should be considered standard; (2) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any patients relapsing after primary therapy that includes an autologous HCT with initial remission duration of more than 18 months; (3) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT can be used as a bridging strategy to allogeneic HCT; (4) The role of postsalvage HCT maintenance needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials that should include new agents, such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating agents, and oral proteasome inhibitors; (5) Autologous HCT consolidation should be explored as a strategy to develop novel conditioning regimens or post-HCT strategies in patients with short (less than 18 months remissions) after primary therapy; and (6) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role of salvage autologous HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy comparing it to "best non-HCT" therapy. The expert committee also underscored the importance of collecting enough hematopoietic stem cells to perform 2 transplantations early in the course of the disease. Regarding allogeneic HCT, the expert committee agreed on the following consensus statements: (1) Allogeneic HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any eligible patient with early relapse (less than 24 months) after primary therapy that included an autologous HCT and/or high-risk features (ie, cytogenetics, extramedullary disease, plasma cell leukemia, or high lactate dehydrogenase); (2) Allogeneic HCT should be performed in the context of a clinical trial if possible; (3) The role of postallogeneic HCT maintenance therapy needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials; and (4) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role salvage allogeneic HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2039-2051
Number of pages13
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

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Cell Transplantation
Multiple Myeloma
Transplantation
Bone Marrow
Clinical Trials
Transplants
Therapeutics
Plasma Cell Leukemia
Salvage Therapy

Keywords

  • Myeloma
  • Salvage therapy
  • Stem cell transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Hematology

Cite this

American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma. / Giralt, Sergio; Garderet, Laurent; Durie, Brian; Cook, Gordon; Gahrton, Gosta; Bruno, Benedetto; Hari, Paremesweran; Lokhorst, Henk; McCarthy, Phillip; Krishnan, Amrita; Sonneveld, Pieter; Goldschmidt, Harmut; Jagannath, Sundar; Barlogie, Bart; Mateos, Maria; Gimsing, Peter; Sezer, Orhan; Mikhael, Joseph R; Lu, Jin; Dimopoulos, Meletios; Mazumder, Amitabha; Palumbo, Antonio; Abonour, Rafat; Anderson, Kenneth; Attal, Michel; Blade, Joan; Bird, Jenny; Cavo, Michele; Comenzo, Raymond; de la Rubia, Javier; Einsele, Hermann; Garcia-Sanz, Ramon; Hillengass, Jens; Holstein, Sarah; Johnsen, Hans Erik; Joshua, Douglas; Koehne, Guenther; Kumar, Shaji K; Kyle, Robert; Leleu, Xavier; Lonial, Sagar; Ludwig, Heinz; Nahi, Hareth; Nooka, Anil; Orlowski, Robert; Rajkumar, S Vincent; Reiman, Anthony; Richardson, Paul; Riva, Eloisa; San Miguel, Jesus; Turreson, Ingemar; Usmani, Saad; Vesole, David; Bensinger, William; Qazilbash, Muzaffer; Efebera, Yvonne; Mohty, Mohamed; Gasparreto, Christina; Gajewski, James; LeMaistre, Charles F.; Bredeson, Chris; Moreau, Phillipe; Pasquini, Marcelo; Kroeger, Nicolaus; Stadtmauer, Edward.

In: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Vol. 21, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 2039-2051.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Giralt, S, Garderet, L, Durie, B, Cook, G, Gahrton, G, Bruno, B, Hari, P, Lokhorst, H, McCarthy, P, Krishnan, A, Sonneveld, P, Goldschmidt, H, Jagannath, S, Barlogie, B, Mateos, M, Gimsing, P, Sezer, O, Mikhael, JR, Lu, J, Dimopoulos, M, Mazumder, A, Palumbo, A, Abonour, R, Anderson, K, Attal, M, Blade, J, Bird, J, Cavo, M, Comenzo, R, de la Rubia, J, Einsele, H, Garcia-Sanz, R, Hillengass, J, Holstein, S, Johnsen, HE, Joshua, D, Koehne, G, Kumar, SK, Kyle, R, Leleu, X, Lonial, S, Ludwig, H, Nahi, H, Nooka, A, Orlowski, R, Rajkumar, SV, Reiman, A, Richardson, P, Riva, E, San Miguel, J, Turreson, I, Usmani, S, Vesole, D, Bensinger, W, Qazilbash, M, Efebera, Y, Mohty, M, Gasparreto, C, Gajewski, J, LeMaistre, CF, Bredeson, C, Moreau, P, Pasquini, M, Kroeger, N & Stadtmauer, E 2015, 'American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma', Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 2039-2051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.09.016
Giralt, Sergio ; Garderet, Laurent ; Durie, Brian ; Cook, Gordon ; Gahrton, Gosta ; Bruno, Benedetto ; Hari, Paremesweran ; Lokhorst, Henk ; McCarthy, Phillip ; Krishnan, Amrita ; Sonneveld, Pieter ; Goldschmidt, Harmut ; Jagannath, Sundar ; Barlogie, Bart ; Mateos, Maria ; Gimsing, Peter ; Sezer, Orhan ; Mikhael, Joseph R ; Lu, Jin ; Dimopoulos, Meletios ; Mazumder, Amitabha ; Palumbo, Antonio ; Abonour, Rafat ; Anderson, Kenneth ; Attal, Michel ; Blade, Joan ; Bird, Jenny ; Cavo, Michele ; Comenzo, Raymond ; de la Rubia, Javier ; Einsele, Hermann ; Garcia-Sanz, Ramon ; Hillengass, Jens ; Holstein, Sarah ; Johnsen, Hans Erik ; Joshua, Douglas ; Koehne, Guenther ; Kumar, Shaji K ; Kyle, Robert ; Leleu, Xavier ; Lonial, Sagar ; Ludwig, Heinz ; Nahi, Hareth ; Nooka, Anil ; Orlowski, Robert ; Rajkumar, S Vincent ; Reiman, Anthony ; Richardson, Paul ; Riva, Eloisa ; San Miguel, Jesus ; Turreson, Ingemar ; Usmani, Saad ; Vesole, David ; Bensinger, William ; Qazilbash, Muzaffer ; Efebera, Yvonne ; Mohty, Mohamed ; Gasparreto, Christina ; Gajewski, James ; LeMaistre, Charles F. ; Bredeson, Chris ; Moreau, Phillipe ; Pasquini, Marcelo ; Kroeger, Nicolaus ; Stadtmauer, Edward. / American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma. In: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 2015 ; Vol. 21, No. 12. pp. 2039-2051.
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abstract = "In contrast to the upfront setting in which the role of high-dose therapy with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as consolidation of a first remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is well established, the role of high-dose therapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT has not been extensively studied in MM patients relapsing after primary therapy. The International Myeloma Working Group together with the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, and the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation convened a meeting of MM experts to: (1) summarize current knowledge regarding the role of autologous or allogeneic HCT in MM patients progressing after primary therapy, (2) propose guidelines for the use of salvage HCT in MM, (3) identify knowledge gaps, (4) propose a research agenda, and (5) develop a collaborative initiative to move the research agenda forward. After reviewing the available data, the expert committee came to the following consensus statement for salvage autologous HCT: (1) In transplantation-eligible patients relapsing after primary therapy that did NOT include an autologous HCT, high-dose therapy with HCT as part of salvage therapy should be considered standard; (2) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any patients relapsing after primary therapy that includes an autologous HCT with initial remission duration of more than 18 months; (3) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT can be used as a bridging strategy to allogeneic HCT; (4) The role of postsalvage HCT maintenance needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials that should include new agents, such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating agents, and oral proteasome inhibitors; (5) Autologous HCT consolidation should be explored as a strategy to develop novel conditioning regimens or post-HCT strategies in patients with short (less than 18 months remissions) after primary therapy; and (6) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role of salvage autologous HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy comparing it to {"}best non-HCT{"} therapy. The expert committee also underscored the importance of collecting enough hematopoietic stem cells to perform 2 transplantations early in the course of the disease. Regarding allogeneic HCT, the expert committee agreed on the following consensus statements: (1) Allogeneic HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any eligible patient with early relapse (less than 24 months) after primary therapy that included an autologous HCT and/or high-risk features (ie, cytogenetics, extramedullary disease, plasma cell leukemia, or high lactate dehydrogenase); (2) Allogeneic HCT should be performed in the context of a clinical trial if possible; (3) The role of postallogeneic HCT maintenance therapy needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials; and (4) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role salvage allogeneic HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

AU - Giralt, Sergio

AU - Garderet, Laurent

AU - Durie, Brian

AU - Cook, Gordon

AU - Gahrton, Gosta

AU - Bruno, Benedetto

AU - Hari, Paremesweran

AU - Lokhorst, Henk

AU - McCarthy, Phillip

AU - Krishnan, Amrita

AU - Sonneveld, Pieter

AU - Goldschmidt, Harmut

AU - Jagannath, Sundar

AU - Barlogie, Bart

AU - Mateos, Maria

AU - Gimsing, Peter

AU - Sezer, Orhan

AU - Mikhael, Joseph R

AU - Lu, Jin

AU - Dimopoulos, Meletios

AU - Mazumder, Amitabha

AU - Palumbo, Antonio

AU - Abonour, Rafat

AU - Anderson, Kenneth

AU - Attal, Michel

AU - Blade, Joan

AU - Bird, Jenny

AU - Cavo, Michele

AU - Comenzo, Raymond

AU - de la Rubia, Javier

AU - Einsele, Hermann

AU - Garcia-Sanz, Ramon

AU - Hillengass, Jens

AU - Holstein, Sarah

AU - Johnsen, Hans Erik

AU - Joshua, Douglas

AU - Koehne, Guenther

AU - Kumar, Shaji K

AU - Kyle, Robert

AU - Leleu, Xavier

AU - Lonial, Sagar

AU - Ludwig, Heinz

AU - Nahi, Hareth

AU - Nooka, Anil

AU - Orlowski, Robert

AU - Rajkumar, S Vincent

AU - Reiman, Anthony

AU - Richardson, Paul

AU - Riva, Eloisa

AU - San Miguel, Jesus

AU - Turreson, Ingemar

AU - Usmani, Saad

AU - Vesole, David

AU - Bensinger, William

AU - Qazilbash, Muzaffer

AU - Efebera, Yvonne

AU - Mohty, Mohamed

AU - Gasparreto, Christina

AU - Gajewski, James

AU - LeMaistre, Charles F.

AU - Bredeson, Chris

AU - Moreau, Phillipe

AU - Pasquini, Marcelo

AU - Kroeger, Nicolaus

AU - Stadtmauer, Edward

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - In contrast to the upfront setting in which the role of high-dose therapy with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as consolidation of a first remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is well established, the role of high-dose therapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT has not been extensively studied in MM patients relapsing after primary therapy. The International Myeloma Working Group together with the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, and the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation convened a meeting of MM experts to: (1) summarize current knowledge regarding the role of autologous or allogeneic HCT in MM patients progressing after primary therapy, (2) propose guidelines for the use of salvage HCT in MM, (3) identify knowledge gaps, (4) propose a research agenda, and (5) develop a collaborative initiative to move the research agenda forward. After reviewing the available data, the expert committee came to the following consensus statement for salvage autologous HCT: (1) In transplantation-eligible patients relapsing after primary therapy that did NOT include an autologous HCT, high-dose therapy with HCT as part of salvage therapy should be considered standard; (2) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any patients relapsing after primary therapy that includes an autologous HCT with initial remission duration of more than 18 months; (3) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT can be used as a bridging strategy to allogeneic HCT; (4) The role of postsalvage HCT maintenance needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials that should include new agents, such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating agents, and oral proteasome inhibitors; (5) Autologous HCT consolidation should be explored as a strategy to develop novel conditioning regimens or post-HCT strategies in patients with short (less than 18 months remissions) after primary therapy; and (6) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role of salvage autologous HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy comparing it to "best non-HCT" therapy. The expert committee also underscored the importance of collecting enough hematopoietic stem cells to perform 2 transplantations early in the course of the disease. Regarding allogeneic HCT, the expert committee agreed on the following consensus statements: (1) Allogeneic HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any eligible patient with early relapse (less than 24 months) after primary therapy that included an autologous HCT and/or high-risk features (ie, cytogenetics, extramedullary disease, plasma cell leukemia, or high lactate dehydrogenase); (2) Allogeneic HCT should be performed in the context of a clinical trial if possible; (3) The role of postallogeneic HCT maintenance therapy needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials; and (4) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role salvage allogeneic HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy.

AB - In contrast to the upfront setting in which the role of high-dose therapy with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as consolidation of a first remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is well established, the role of high-dose therapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT has not been extensively studied in MM patients relapsing after primary therapy. The International Myeloma Working Group together with the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, and the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation convened a meeting of MM experts to: (1) summarize current knowledge regarding the role of autologous or allogeneic HCT in MM patients progressing after primary therapy, (2) propose guidelines for the use of salvage HCT in MM, (3) identify knowledge gaps, (4) propose a research agenda, and (5) develop a collaborative initiative to move the research agenda forward. After reviewing the available data, the expert committee came to the following consensus statement for salvage autologous HCT: (1) In transplantation-eligible patients relapsing after primary therapy that did NOT include an autologous HCT, high-dose therapy with HCT as part of salvage therapy should be considered standard; (2) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any patients relapsing after primary therapy that includes an autologous HCT with initial remission duration of more than 18 months; (3) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT can be used as a bridging strategy to allogeneic HCT; (4) The role of postsalvage HCT maintenance needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials that should include new agents, such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating agents, and oral proteasome inhibitors; (5) Autologous HCT consolidation should be explored as a strategy to develop novel conditioning regimens or post-HCT strategies in patients with short (less than 18 months remissions) after primary therapy; and (6) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role of salvage autologous HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy comparing it to "best non-HCT" therapy. The expert committee also underscored the importance of collecting enough hematopoietic stem cells to perform 2 transplantations early in the course of the disease. Regarding allogeneic HCT, the expert committee agreed on the following consensus statements: (1) Allogeneic HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any eligible patient with early relapse (less than 24 months) after primary therapy that included an autologous HCT and/or high-risk features (ie, cytogenetics, extramedullary disease, plasma cell leukemia, or high lactate dehydrogenase); (2) Allogeneic HCT should be performed in the context of a clinical trial if possible; (3) The role of postallogeneic HCT maintenance therapy needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials; and (4) Prospective randomized trials need to be performed to define the role salvage allogeneic HCT in patients with MM relapsing after primary therapy.

KW - Myeloma

KW - Salvage therapy

KW - Stem cell transplantation

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U2 - 10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.09.016

DO - 10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.09.016

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 2039

EP - 2051

JO - Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation

JF - Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation

SN - 1083-8791

IS - 12

ER -