American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) position statement: Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasound in sports medicine

Jonathan T. Finnoff, Mederic M. Hall, Erik Adams, David Berkoff, Andrew L. Concoff, William Dexter, Jay Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Background: The use of diagnostic and interventional ultrasound has significantly increased over the past decade. A majority of the increased utilisation is by nonradiologists. In sports medicine, ultrasound is often used to guide interventions such as aspirations, diagnostic or therapeutic injections, tenotomies, releases and hydrodissections. Objective: Critically review the literature related to the accuracy, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injections (USGIs) in major, intermediate and small joints; and soft tissues. Design: Systematic review of the literature. Results: USGIs are more accurate than landmark-guided injections (LMGIs; strength of recommendation taxonomy (SORT) Evidence Rating=A). USGIs are more efficacious than LMGIs (SORT Evidence Rating=B). USGIs are more cost-effective than LMGIs (SORT Evidence Rating=B). Ultrasound guidance is required to perform many new procedures (SORT Evidence Rating=C). Conclusions: The findings of this position statement indicate there is strong evidence that USGIs are more accurate than LMGI, moderate evidence that they are more efficacious and preliminary evidence that they are more cost-effective. Furthermore, ultrasound-guided (USG) is required to perform many new, advanced procedures and will likely enable the development of innovative USG surgical techniques in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this