Altered functional connectivity networks in logopenic progressive aphasia and posterior cortical atrophy

Neha Atulkumar Singh, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Irene Sintini, Mary M. Machulda, Jeffrey L. Gunter, Val J. Lowe, Hugo Botha, David T. Jones, Clifford R Jr. Jack, Keith A. Josephs, Jennifer L. Whitwell

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Resting state functional connectivity (rsfMRI) studies have shown functional network disruptions in logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA) (reduced connectivity within the left temporal language network) and posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) (reduced connectivity within ventral visual network). However, little is known about how these networks compare and how connectivity differs within and between networks in these atypical Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) phenotypes. Method: Fifty-nine amyloid-positive PCA patients and eighty-five amyloid-positive LPA patients were recruited by the Neurodegenerative Research Group at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, and underwent structural and resting state functional MRI. Spatially preprocessed data was analyzed using the CONN functional connectivity toolbox to explore the default mode network (DMN), salience, sensorimotor, left language, visual and memory networks, which were generated by averaging multiple regions-of-interest (ROI) within each network. The data was analyzed at both the voxel-level and network-level (ROI-ROI). Result: Voxel-level differences in functional connectivity between PCA and LPA were observed in all networks (p<0.05; cluster size, FWE=0.05). PCA showed reduced connectivity in the occipital lobe in visual and memory networks, parietal lobe in language and DMN, and sensorimotor strip in sensorimotor network, particularly on the right, compared to LPA. Conversely, LPA showed reduced connectivity in the frontal cortex in salience, memory, visual and sensorimotor networks, inferior parietal lobe in visual network, and anterior temporal pole and sensorimotor cortex in the language network, compared to PCA. Between network differences (p<0.05; cluster size, FDR=0.05) were observed between groups, with PCA showing reduced connectivity between the visual and sensorimotor networks, while LPA showed reduced connectivity between the language and sensorimotor networks. The DMN was anti-correlated to the language network in PCA, while it was positively correlated to the language network in LPA. In both phenotypes, the DMN was anticorrelated with the salience network. The visual network in PCA showed connections to all networks, while in LPA, it was only connected to the salience, language and DMN. Conclusion: The atypical AD phenotypes were associated with multiple disruptions in connectivity, both within and between brain networks. Phenotype specific differences in connectivity patterns were noted in visual network for PCA and language network for LPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere063393
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume18
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Altered functional connectivity networks in logopenic progressive aphasia and posterior cortical atrophy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this