Administrative data sets are inaccurate for assessing functional outcomes after radical prostatectomy

Matthew K. Tollefson, Matthew T. Gettman, R. Jeffrey Karnes, Igor Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: A recent report examined rates of urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction following radical prostatectomy by evaluating administrative claims data. However, the validity of this approach for reporting functional outcomes has not been established. Therefore, we determined the prognostic value of administrative claims data for reporting urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy. Materials and Methods: We identified 562 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy from 2004 to 2007 and were followed at our institution with self-reported standardized survey data available at least 1 year after surgery. Urinary incontinence was assessed by self-reported pad use and the urinary function domain of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index. Erectile dysfunction was assessed with the International Index of Erectile Function. These results were then compared with administrative claims data using ICD-9 and Hospital International Classification of Diseases Adapted codes for urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Results: Administrative claims data demonstrated a poor correlation with patient self-reported questionnaire data. The administrative identification of erectile dysfunction was associated with a sensitivity of 0.598 and a specificity of 0.591. Poor correlation was also illustrated by the low kappa correlation coefficient of 0.184. Similarly urinary incontinence was poorly correlated with self-reported pad use and the urinary function domain of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index (correlation coefficient 0.195). Conclusions: Administrative claims data correlate poorly with validated questionnaire data when assessing functional outcomes after radical prostatectomy such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Therefore, outcomes data generated using this approach may not reflect the development or severity of such complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1686-1690
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume185
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Keywords

  • SEER program
  • clinical coding
  • databases as topic
  • prostatectomy
  • prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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