We previously suggested that an importance of adenylate kinase (AdK) in skeletal muscle is to function as a high energy phosphoryl transfer system regulating ATP generation in correspondence with its consumption by specific cellular processes. The present experiments are intended to define the ATP- generating system coupled to and regulated by AdK-catalyzed phosphotransfer in skeletal muscle and also to examine the relationship between AdK- and creatine kinase (CK)-catalyzed phosphotransfer. Rates of phosphoryl transfer catalyzed by AdK were assessed in intact, isolated rat diaphragm by determining rates of AMP phosphorylation with endogenously generated [γ- 18O]ATP under conditions of altered anaerobic and aerobic ATP production. AdK-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer rates accelerated incrementally up to 12- fold in direct proportion to stimulated contractile frequency in parallel with equivalent increases in rates of ATP generation by lactate producing glycolysis. Stoichiometric equivalent increases of AdK-catalyzed phosphotransfer and anaerobic ATP production also occurred up to more than 20-fold when oxidative phosphorylation was impaired by either O2 deprivation or treatment with KCN or p-(trifluoromethoxy)-phenylhydrazone. These enhanced rates of AMP phosphorylation were balanced by virtually identically increased rates of AdK-catalyzed generation of AMP. This AMP was traced to arise from AdK-catalyzed phosphotransfer involving ADP generated by a muscle ATPase. Increased AdK-catalyzed phosphotransfer paired with the apparent compensatory increase in ATP generation by anaerobic glycolysis in oxygen-deprived muscle occurred coincident with diminished rates of CK-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer indicative of a pairing between oxidatively produced ATP and CK-catalyzed phosphotransfer. A metabolic model consistent with these results and conforming to the Mitchell general principle of vectorial ligand conduction is suggested.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology