A survey of the infrastructure for children's mental health services: Implications for the implementation of empirically supported treatments (ESTs)

Sonja K. Schoenwald, Jason E. Chapman, Kelly Kelleher, Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, John Landsverk, Jack Stevens, Charles Glisson, Jennifer Rolls-Reutz, John R. Weisz, Bruce E. Chorpita, Robert Gibbons, Evelyn Polk Green, Kimberly Hoagwood, Peter S. Jensen, Stephen Mayberg, Jeanne Miranda, Lawrence Palinkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

A structured interview survey of directors of a large national sample (n = 200) of mental health service organizations treating children examined the governance, financing, staffing, services, and implementation practices of these organizations; and, director ratings of factors important to implementation of new treatments and services. Descriptive analyses showed private organizations financing services with public (particularly Medicaid) funds are prevalent and that employment of professional staff, clinical supervision and training, productivity requirements, and outcomes monitoring are common. Results of random effects regression models (RRMs) evaluating associations between governance, financing, and organizational characteristics and the use of new treatments and services showed for-profit organizations more likely to implement such treatments, and organizations with more licensed clinical staff and weekly clinical supervision in place less likely to do so. Results of RRMs evaluating relations between director ratings of the importance to new treatment and service implementation of three factors-fit with existing implementation practices, infrastructure support, and organizational mission and support-suggest greater importance to public than private organizations of these factors. Implications for EST implementation and future research are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-97
Number of pages14
JournalAdministration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
Volume35
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Children's mental health services
  • Clinics and systems
  • Research network on youth mental health
  • Service system infrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Schoenwald, S. K., Chapman, J. E., Kelleher, K., Hoagwood, K. E., Landsverk, J., Stevens, J., Glisson, C., Rolls-Reutz, J., Weisz, J. R., Chorpita, B. E., Gibbons, R., Green, E. P., Hoagwood, K., Jensen, P. S., Mayberg, S., Miranda, J., & Palinkas, L. (2008). A survey of the infrastructure for children's mental health services: Implications for the implementation of empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 35(1-2), 84-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-007-0147-6