A 13C nuclear magnetic resonance study of free fatty acid incorporation in acylated lipids in differentiating preadipocytes

Wen Guo, James L. Kirkland, Barbara Corkey, James A. Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

To understand the role of free fatty acid (FFA) incorporation in the accumulation of lipids in the adipocyte and ultimately in the development of obesity, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance was used to study lipid metabolism in differentiating preadipocytes. The incorporation of 13C=O-labeled FFA into cellular lipids in primary cultured rat preadipocytes and 3T3L1 preadipocytes at different stages of differentiation was monitored by the 13C carbonyl chemical shift. Significant incorporation of palmitic acid into phosphatidylcholine in both the α and β acyl chain positions was found in cells at early stages of differentiation. At later differentiation stages or after extended incubation periods, most of the 13C=O signals were found in the triacylglycerol (TG) molecules. Unsaturated 13C=O-labeled acyl chains were detected in the TG molecules when cells were incubated with saturated 13C=O-labeled FFA, indicating that intracellular dehydrogenation had occurred in the 13C=O-labeled palmitoyl chain. By using 13C-labeled methyl myristate as an internal intensity reference, incorporation of 13C FFA into each acyl chain position of the major intracellular lipids was determined quantitatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-454
Number of pages6
JournalLipids
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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