OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of lymph node metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this single-institution retrospective study 55 patients were identified who underwent CT-guided cryoablation of metastatic lymph nodes between November 2006 and September 2019. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, and procedural details were recorded. The primary endpoints were technical success and major complications. The secondary endpoints were time to local and time to distant progression. Complications were graded according to the Society of Interventional Radiology consensus guidelines. RESULTS. The study sample comprised 55 patients (42 men, 13 women; mean age 64 ± 12 years) who underwent 61 cryoablation procedures to treat 65 lymph node metastases. Targeted nodes measured 1.7 ± 1.2 cm in mean short-axis diameter. Technical success was achieved in 60 of 61 cryoablation procedures (98%). Adjunctive maneuvers performed to protect adjacent structures included hydrodissection (n = 40), ureteral stenting (n = 3), and neural monitoring (n = 3). There were two Society of Interventional Radiology major complications (3%): pneumothorax (n = 1) and bleeding (n = 1). Local tumor control was achieved in treatment of 53 of 65 (82%) nodal metastases within a median of 25 months (range, 1-121 months) of follow-up. Local progression occurred in 12 of 65 cases (18%); the median time to recurrence was 11 months. CONCLUSION. Percutaneous cryoablation of nodal metastases is feasible and safe. Further investigation is warranted to assess the long-term efficacy of this technique and to define its role in oncologic care.
- Lymph node
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging