A role for nuclear phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C in the G2/M phase transition

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Abstract

Protein kinase C (PKC) is activated at the nucleus during the G2 phase of cell cycle, where it is required for mitosis. However, the mechanisms controlling cell cycle-dependent activation of nuclear PKC are not known. We now report that nuclear levels of the major physiologic PKC activator diacylglycerol (DAG) fluctuate during cell cycle. Specifically, nuclear DAG levels in G2/M phase cells are 2.5-3-fold higher than in G1 phase cells. In synchronized cells, nuclear DAG levels rise to a peak coincident with the G2/M phase transition and return to basal levels in G1 phase cells. This increase in DAG level is sufficient to stimulate β(II) PKC-mediated phosphorylation of its mitotic nuclear envelope substrate lamin B in vitro. Isolated nuclei from G2 phase cells contain an active phospholipase activity capable of generating DAG in vitro. Nuclear phospholipase activity is inhibited by the selective phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI- PLC) inhibitor 1-O-octadeyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and neomycin sulfate, but not by the phosphatidylcholine-PLC selective inhibitor D609 or inhibitors of phospholipase D-mediated DAG generation. Treatment of synchronized cells with 1-O-octadeyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine leads to decreased nuclear PI-PLC activity and cell cycle blockade in the G2 phase, suggesting a role for nuclear PI-PLC in the G2/M phase transition. Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that nuclear PI-PLC generates DAG to activate nuclear β(II) PKC, whose activity is required for mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26313-26317
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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