The safety and immunogenicity of a novel hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine containing recombinant PreS2 and S antigens combined with MF59 adjuvant (HBV/MF59) was evaluated in healthy adults (N = 230) who were randomized to receive 2 or 3 immunizations of either the study vaccine or a licensed control vaccine (Recombivax HB®). After a single immunization, 105 of 118 (89%) recipients of HBV/MF59 achieved protective serum levels of anti-HBs antibody (> 10 mIU/ml), compared with 13 of 110 (12%) recipients of licensed vaccine (P < 0.001). The geometric mean titer (GMT) after 2 doses of HBV/MF59 given 2 months apart (13,422 mIU/ml) was more than 5-fold higher than that following 3 doses of licensed vaccine given over 6 months (2,346 mIU/ml; P < 0.001). The GMT following 3 injections of HBV/MF59 (249,917 mIU/ml) was 100- fold higher than licensed vaccine (P < 0.001). Anti-PreS2 antibodies were elicited in over 90% of the subset of HBV/MF59 recipients tested. Both vaccines were well tolerated; transient, mild-to-moderate local inflammation was the major postinjection reaction.
- Clinical trials
- Hepatitis B vaccine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases